supplementary TOEFL listening material


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Unit 1: Conversation


Unit 2: Discussion


Unit 3: Lecture

Unit 1 – The Conversation

In this unit, you will learn the following:

Vocabulary Builder

Tips: The following words are from the Academic Word List  which consists of 570 most frequently used words in academic texts. You need to learn these words if you wish to pass an academic exam such as IELTS, TOEFL or PTE Academic or if you wish to study in an English speaking university:

ci·vil·i·ty

/səˈvilədē/

noun

  1. formal politeness and courtesy in behavior or speech.
  2. “I hope we can treat each other with civility and respect”ci·vil·i·ty
    /səˈvilədē/


    Pelajari pengucapannya

    noun

    1. formal politeness and courtesy in behavior or speech.
      “I hope we can treat each other with civility and respect”
      Sinonim:

      courtesy


      courteousness

      politeness

      good manners


      mannerliness

      gentlemanliness

      chivalry

      gallantry


      graciousness

      consideration

      respect

      respect for their parents” data-hw=”respect” data-lb=”” data-tae=”true” data-te=”false” data-tl=”en-US” data-tldf=”” data-url=”/search?safe=strict&sxsrf=ALeKk02jYM8HFR5bgyo7Lmy_aqRrh7-Jew:1607167921045&q=define+respect&forcedict=respect&dictcorpus=en-US”>

      gentility

      urbanity


      cordiality

      geniality


      pleasantness

      affability

      politesse

      couth

      comity


      Antonim:

      discourtesy

      rudeness

      • polite remarks used in formal conversation.
        plural noun: civilities
        “she was exchanging civilities with his mother”
        Sinonim:
        polite remark

        politeness

        courtesy

https://youtu.be/OwsXjECvY4k re·tain/rəˈtān/Pelajari pengucapannya verb 

  1. 1.continue to have (something); keep possession of.”built in 1830, the house retains many of its original features” Sinonim:

    keep

      keep possession of keep hold of 

    hold onto

      

    hold fast to

      

    keep back

      

    hang onto

      cling to cleave to 

    maintain

      

    continue

      

    preserve

      

    reserve

      

    conserve

      

    perpetuate

      

    cherish

       Antonim:

    give up

      

    lose

      

    abolish

      

    discontinue

      

    alter

     

  2. 2.absorb and continue to hold (a substance).”limestone is known to retain water”

https://youtu.be/Mzs-fZensg0 sub·sti·tute/ˈsəbstəˌt(y)o͞ot/Pelajari pengucapannyaLihat definisi di:All Sport Psychology Chemistrynoun 

  1. a person or thing acting or serving in place of another.”soy milk is used as a substitute for dairy milk” Sinonim:

    replacement

      

    deputy

      

    relief

      

    proxy

      

    reserve

      

    surrogate

      

    cover

      

    fill-in

      

    stand-in

      

    standby

      

    locum

      

    locum tenens

      

    understudy

      

    stopgap

      

    alternative

      

    ancillary

      

    sub

      

    pinch-hitter

     

verb 

  1. use or add in place of.”dried rosemary can be substituted for the fresh herb” Sinonim:

    exchange

      use as a replacement switch

  1.  

https://youtu.be/DVJcGKvzpu8 wane1/wān/Pelajari pengucapannya

 

 verb 

  1. (of the moon) have a progressively smaller part of its visible surface illuminated, so that it appears to decrease in size. Sinonim:

    disappear

      

    decrease

      

    diminish

      

    dwindle

       Antonim:

    wax

     

https://youtu.be/PVOj7Vo7wrM

Listening Practice 1 – Inference Questions
On “The Bad Teacher”.

[spoiler title=”The Conversation Script”]
Narrrator: Listen to a part of conversation between a teacher and her students in a class.
Student A: Where’s the TV?
Teacher: now everybody open here “To Kill a Mockingbirds” to page one, good!. Now, who can tell me why Jem cries when the hole in the tree is filled with cement?
Student B: “Because she’s a crybaby”
Teacher: “Get out!. We’re here to learn. Anybody else have a problem with that?. Good!. Now who has the answer to my question?. Nobody’s read this book? It’s on the syllabus.”
Student A: “Well you never assigned it to us”
Teacher: “Well, Now I am and we have a quiz tomorrow in the first hundred pages.
Student A: You can’t do that. I have band and jazz band tonight.
Student B: We haven’t had homework all year.
Teacher: Things are about to change around here. Recess is over”
[Music]
Student: “Because the bird represents the freedom?”
Teacher: “okay does anyone have anything to add to what that girl just said”
Teacher: “So what are the limitations of having Scout as the narrator?. You chubs?”
[Music]
[/spoiler]

Tips:

Dealing with an inference question requires two steps, I.e. locating the evidence and drawing conclusions. Sometimes you will find a direct statement of fact in a reading passage. Other times, you will not find a direct statement. Then you will need to use the facts as evidence to make an inference. An inference is a logical conclusion based on evidence. It can be about the passage itself or about the author’s viewpoint. For example, you may begin reading a passage about the Native Americans who lived on the plains. You continue reading and note that they used buffalo for food. Later, you read that they used buffalo for clothing and shelter. From these facts, you can draw the conclusion that the buffalo was very important in the culture of the plains people. The author did not state this fact directly, but the evidence allows you to make an inference.

Show it Off!

Do you agree with the teaching method of the teacher? Please explain your reasons by referring to the script or re-watching the video! Put your thought in the Facebook comment below.

Listening Practice 2 – The Pragmatic/Attitude/Function Question on “The Wonder”

[spoiler title=”Click Here: The Conversation Script”]
Narrrator: Listen to a part of conversation between 3 students in a laboratorium.
Girl: wow this reminds me my guest spot on law and order
Julian: “So the science elective is supposedly really hard so you probably won’t be spending much time here. No offense but if you’ve never been in real school before..”
Jack: “Dude he’s been homeschooled”
Julian: “Okay I’m just saying. Science is supposably really hard but you’re taking it too, right?. Hey maybe you could fail together
Jack: “Why don’t you get out of the way?. So we can check it out okay!”
Julian: “I mean there’s nothing much to see. Desks chairs, the incubator, Bunsen burners. Those are some really gross science posters. Oh and this is an eraser”
Girl: “He knows what an eraser is”
Julian: “How am I supposed to know what he knows. He doesn’t say anything right”
Jack: “Dude, you have to say something”
Auggie: “Yeah i know what an eraser is. Is your name Julian or Julian well?
Julian: “Wait you thought his name was Julian Will?”
Jack: ”Yeah a lot of people call me by my first and last name. I don’t know why. Got any other questions?
Julian: “Actually I’ve got a question for Auggie. What’s the deal with your face”
Jack: “dude”
Julian: “I mean were you in a car crash or something.
Girl: “Julian!”
Julian: “What?. Mr. Tushman said we could ask questions if we wanted to”
Girl: “Not rude questions. Besides he was born like that Mr. Tushman said”
Julian: “Yeah I know I just thought maybe he was like in a fire too
Jack: “Hey, Julian silence!”
Girl:” why don’t we all silence!”
Auggie: “No i wasn’t in the fire, and the words supposedly what you said that science is supposably really hard twice. The word is supposedly with a D. Maybe my mom can homeschool you too”
[Music]
[/spoiler]

Useful Tips: A Pragmatics question that includes function or attitude question  asks you to comprehend the function of language on a level deeper than the surface meaning. Therefore, it does not deal with the meaning of the words the speaker says, but rather with the information that is implied by how the speaker says them. You may need to understand the purpose or motivation of the speaker, or you may need to interpret the speaker’s attitude or doubt about something in the conversation or lecture. 

 

GENERAL STRATEGIES FOR LISTENING Pt. 1

1. Be familiar with the directions. The directions on every test are the same, so it is not necessary to spend time reading the directions carefully when you take the test. You should be completely familiar with the directions before the day of the test.

2. Do not worry if a listening passage is on a topic that is not familiar to you. All of the inform that you need to answer the questions is included in the passages. You do not need any special background knowledge to answer the questions

3. Listen carefully to the passage. You will hear the passages one time only. You may not replay the audio passages during the test,

4. Use the visuals to help you to understand the passages. Each passage begins with a photograph showing the setting (such as a classroom in the case of lectures or a campus office in the case of conversations and the person (such as a professor lecturing in the case of lectures of people such as two students or a professor/advisor and a student in the case of conversations who are speaking. There may be other visuals (such as a diagram, a drawing, or a blackboard or whiteboard with important terminology) to help you to understand the content of the passage

Show it Off!

Can you tell the moral story of the video above? Please share your thought by using various perspectives below!


Go to the Next Unit 2 – Discussion

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